「2002 太平洋鄰里協會年會暨聯合會議」, 日本大阪市立大學 2002年3月28日
Digital Media, Informatics, and Cultural Heritage
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January 1st 2002, a national project called the “National
Digital Archives program (NDAP)”
has been launched in Taiwan. The first phase of this program was planned
as a 5-years program, from 2002 to 2006. In this paper, the ideas,
visions and justifications of this program we will be presented with
In fact, before the program was launched, years had been spent in studying the impacts of Information Technology (IT) on social and cultural changes. The subjects studied include the following major topics: the properties of digital media, the rules of media on communication and knowledge processing, the nature of information, a definition of information that serves our purposes, characteristics of IT, the rules of IT on academic research, education and learning, etc. These studies are trying to address some much-concerned problems such as: How does information technology interacts with our culture and society? What are the cultural and social impacts and ways of impact of Information Technology? Can our culture survive in the information age? Will our traditions become endangered while Internet becomes more popular? And, one of the actions responses to the question “If so, what shall we do?” is the launching of NDAP. These studies make the national program possible. The highlights of these studies will be summarized in this paper as some background for understanding our program.
1998, our National Science Council (NSC)
started some probing projects to studies the feasibility of digitizing
national cultural holdings. The first project thus arranged is the
“Digital Museum Project” and then followed by some others. These
projects, dozens of universities and research organizations participated
in, become ancestors of NDAP.
for the time being,
9 major content holders in Taiwan have also been involved.
budget in 2002 is about $11millian USD ($38M
annul growth rate will be around 20% or even higher in 2002~2006.
output of NDAP
a centralized database called “the Taiwan Digital Archives (TDA)”.
The ancestors of NDAP
had already contributed some digitized archives into the TDA.
To name a few, such as: language corpus for various times and places in
history, historical maps of China and Taiwan, collections of indigenous
cultures in Taiwan, some contemporary historical archives of China and
Taiwan (1860-1970), some nature resources of Taiwan (including all
species of fishes, shell fishes and plants, partial species of insects,
butterflies and birds, and some minerals), some archaeological
collections and fossil collections, some collections of bronze and stone
rubbings, museum collections of jade, porcelain, bronze, ancient
calligraphy and painting, images of rare books, selected gazetteer
documents, and some early periodic and newspapers published in Taiwan.
the digital archives of TDA
will be placed in a three interwoven coordinates, namely, time, space
and language (TSL).
We called “coordinates” just because they provide general references
for addressing as well as rooms for placing all archives. Besides
providing various corpuses, the language coordinate includes linguistic
ontology, markups (phonetic, syntactic and semantic) and multi-lingual
mapping facilities. These TSL
coordinates and relevant technical conventions, standards and
specifications are the most important factors that make unite various
digital products into TDA
The applications of TDA are up to our imagination. In 2002, we will focus the application of TDA into two major domains, education and industries. NDAP will cooperate and/or collaborate with Ministry of Education and Ministry of Economics to promote the utilization of TDA in various levels of education and to stimulate cultural, value-added and information-related industries, respectively. We think, digital archives themselves will be a new form of material and the content of digital archives will be serving as a new kind of “energy” to bootstrap both education and industries. Also, we hope we can provide a free public cultural information system to our citizens by the end of 2002.
already established some international relations and co-operations with
some foreign organizations. TDA
will be a technical compatible international database and we are looking
forward to cooperating/collaborating with any project that cares
cultural heritage and digitize them as sharable precious resources for
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